Basic knowledge for a Climate scientist

to be aware of:
Reality and fantasies about reality is not the same. But worse than not understanding this is when reality collides with the accepted view. Once the 1960’s, there was a municipality in Eastern Sweden, which blew away a large stone/small cliff (15 meters large) number of meters below a precipice because it wasn’t to be found on the guide map to be used for a greater cross-country contest ….
But it is even worse example than this and the fantasies (?) presented in the book ”1984” – is when the truth is changed, falsified, or even rewritten. One of these truths – that of land uplift is that this post will primarily focus on.

The most basic: Fill a bucket with water, place a wood piece in water, insert a weight that stops (not slip off) on this cutting my. The wood piece will sink to the bottom. Let it fall and remember that what you see is a model of how Ferro Scandia and other areas around the earth were pressed by the inland ice in our ice. Then gently low it down with your hand and move the weight to one of the short sides. Than you will notice how the short side (that is farthest away from the bucket) begins to rise despite the fact that much of the other wood piece still has bottom contact. That’s what happened when the glacier began to melt after the last Ice Age.
The land, which first become free of ice started rising. First rapidly and then reach a constant weight mode this happened until a larger area became ice-free.

Anyone who thinks that lesson material from 7-e-class first three lessons in geography, as this is, including the Basic Geogogi climate buffs are too elementary knowledge, I ask to think following quote from my C-essay in History Johansson Inger , the sea towards the Roxen in older times, Linköping University 1993:


Basic knowledge:
When we calculate the past sea levels must first clarify the following:

Sea levels gives no exact value. It varies. Sea level is calculated from Annual averages.

During the days (between a high and a low level less seen here in the Baltic Sea. But can sometimes still make a difference when we calculate the waterways navigability)
During the year, the moon and the sun’s position in relation to the earth in itself a difference in the form of spring – and near-tide. A season variation occurs.

Examples from the Eastern Swedish’ Baltic Coast gives a difference of -Year high and Year low which results in a difference in water level by 1 m (at least). During a thousand years there may be dry / rainy periods. This, together with different soil species and stone formations gives different reception capabilities over time winds, currents and other natural phenomena taken into consideration, which can result in a vary significantly distinguished from the theoretical sea level calculations.

By comparison, Kristina Ambrosiani wrote about sea level differences in Birka years 500 AD to land uplift + custom climate variability in the oceans, she suggested that sea level difference was 4 m difference, and to sea level of 1200’s differed ~ <4 m from today’s sea levels.

In archaeological and historical literature, you sometimes may find information that coast looked approximately the same 1000 years as today. In the survey the land uplift various between 4.8 m and 2 m seen over the period from 1000 AD up to the today.

Ambrosiani, Kristina Arkeologi; Gamleby 1989

County Administrative Board in Östergötland County, Natural Cultural Environments in Östergötland, Linköping 1986

Modéer Ivar Itineraries and buoys at the north coast, Uppsala 1936

County Administrative Board in Östergötland, Swedish Environmental Protection Plan and cultural programs, Linköping 1986 ”

— End of quote —

My study area was Östergötland[region east of lake Vaettern]and north-eastern Småland[south of ‘Östergötland’ down to Västervik. The land uplift differed and increased northward, between 2 meters to the south and 4.8 in the north. Readings from the north of Mälaren[Lake Maelaren] is more than 7 m for same period in southern Uppland and up to more than 8.5 meters in northern Uppland. Significantly higher along the coast and less than or decrease due. Baltic Sea south Kalmar is tipping off contrary to uplift north.

It is a fantasy world that appears in the hypothesis that the Baltic coast, as well as Lake Vaenern and Lake Vaettern as I showed before always is the same. Or that anyone would be able to use the 7-meter level for all of Sweden’s Baltic coast during the last 1000 years. This is a phenomenon that is similar across the globe. Ice melting and land uplift exist where ever larger amounts of Ice is melting on land.

Ice Ages and changing sea levels in older ages have not been included in the climate debate of the so-called enthusiast’s/researchers’ models for climate changes.
OK, I myself wrote a major computer program, greater emphasis, in 1991 to make the calculations I needed to show how the coast of Sweden in general and Östergötland, Småland, in particular, in reality were during Stone Age, Bronze Age, Mature and Younger Iron Age not to mention something even more important during the Viking and Medieval Ages. I know that this was and is required: that it is the same person who really can write software, who him/herself use the computer for their researches. A little homework is for true scientists needed not copying from others!

That the vast majority of the so called. Researchers probably gone wrong. They can’t see the forest for the trees, thus they choose to include only those variables is in the bush close by without making Source Critical analysis of the premises need for the assumptions they put forward based on these variables. Not even probable and less is analysed.
But back to the land uplift. The first thing anyone who wants to call him/herself a climate scientist have to do is to find out truly historic water levels from all our world continents’ and seas’. Personally I did following for my study, where I was in the paper presented the water from the middle Stone Age to the year 1000 for the area from the south Braviken [close to Norrkoping) down to Västervik and with a triangular tip at Svartån (Black river) ending in Lake Roxen:

”The ground stone and rock structure, combined with land uplift have been analysed. The calculations for the maps presented are based on known land uplift figures during the survey and for Lake Roxen’s water varied levels depending on the quantities of water transferred from the water after the Motala Ström formed. This calculation of the water runoff from Roxen has been made to draw the maps relating to the hinterland. The changes in each point are calculated using integral calculus. This means that the change over time as a mathematical variable function, where the change is calculated based on recognized land uplift rates, and the geological observation levels. ”

Further more, it is important for climate researchers, IF they want to be regarded as serious in the future, to take account of the factors and variables mentioned in the Basic geology courses for climate researchers; and WHERE in the eliptiska path around the sun as Earth at any given moment is; tilt axis, the sun periodicity what cause eruptions of sun’s surface etc. Not to mention that you must have at least 1000 years of actual sea level readings from along the coast on both sides of the Atlantic. It’s not easy to get this data from for example North America where there is naturally going to find settlements from before Viking Age as close together as in the relatively frequent close settlements of Europe, but where these data might not be as easily found. To do the sampling (read deep drilling) one have to do this at least every 800-meter along the coasts from south to north for correct land uplift to be found. Personally, I had the advantage of VIAK Geological studies of Sweden and Swedish grounds from the 60’s.


2 kommentarer till Basic knowledge for a Climate scientist

  1. […] Basic knowledge for a Climate scientist […]


  2. […] Original post by norah4you […]



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